AE Amputee – Above-elbow or transhumeral amputee

AK Amputee – Above-knee or transfemoral amputee

Alignment – Position of a prosthetic socket in relation to foot and knee

Amputation – Removal of all or part of a limb due to infection, injury, tumor, disease or trauma

Amputee – A person who has had all or part of a limb removed/amputated or is born without a limb

Amputation (Traumatic) – A spontaneous removal of a limb for example as a result of an accident

BE – Below elbow – Trans Radial

Bilateral – Bi means both, meaning both sides

BK – Below the knee – Trans Tibia

Body Image – Awareness and perception of one’s body related to both appearance and function

Carbon Fiber – Non-stretch carbon fabric used to reinforce lightweight composite resin structures, such as prosthetic components and socket

Chopart – Also known as a partial foot amputation

Claudication – Pain in the limb upon exertion – due to circulatory insufficiency

Congenital Limb Deficiency – When all or parts of limb/s do not develop normally in the womb or are missing

CPO – Certified Prosthetist and Orthotist (also known as CO – CP – CPOT)

Disarticulation – Limb is amputated through the joint

Doffing – Taking the prosthesis off

Donning – Putting the prosthesis on

Edema – Swelling of the tissues (also spelled oedema)

Extremity – Relating to arm or leg

Gait Training – Learning to walk with a prosthesis

Hip Disarticulation – Amputation of entire lower limb at hip level: Ischial Tuberosity, also called the ischial bone or ischium; located in the pelvis and used for weight bearing

Interface – Inner surface of socket, or portion of prosthesis closest to the skin

Liner – Soft socket rolled or pulled over the residual limb and used for protection, comfort and in some cases as a suspension device

Lower Extremity – Lower limb

Myoelectric – Type of upper extremity prosthesis using bio-feedback to control the function

Occupational Therapy – Training to maximize independence in daily life

Orthosis – A brace/device that is used to straighten and provide support to a limb or the spine (plural: orthoses)

Orthotist – One who fits braces and devices designed to straighten or support extremities/spine

Partial Foot – Amputation through any part of the foot leaving the ankle intact

Peripheral Vascular Disease – Disease of the blood vessels from a variety of causes

PFFD Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency – shortened femur bone

Phantom Pain – Painful feeling in the part of the extremity that has been amputated

Phantom Sensation – Awareness of the amputated limb although not described as pain

Phantom Limb – Sensation of the presence of the limb that has been amputated

Physical Therapy – Therapeutic exercises in order to treat a disease or a disability

Pistoning – When a liner stretches so that the stump elongates – or the vertical motion of a residual limb inside a prosthetic socket

Preprioception – A sense of the location/orientation of one’s limb in space

Prosthesis – A fabricated/artificial substitute for a body part that is missing

Prostheses – More than one prosthesis (plural form)

Prosthetist – Someone who designs, fits and makes artificial limbs

Quadrilateral – Limb loss involving four limbs

Residual Limb – The remaining part of the limb after amputation (the stump)

Socket – The part of the prosthesis (artificial limb) that fits around the residual limb – and fits around the liner or socket insert if one is used

Socket Insert – A soft form that is contoured to fit around the residual limb and fits inside the socket to provide for some increased padding and comfort for the residual limb

Stump – A less commonly used word that describes the remaining limb

Suction Socket – A socket on an artificial leg that excludes the entry of air and is held to the residual limb by the suction of negative pressure maintained within the socket

Symes – Amputation through the ankle

Total Contact – Total contact between the residual limb and socket at all points

Transradial – Amputation below the elbow (through the radius and ulna bones)

Transfemoral (TF) – Amputation above the knee (through the femur bone)

Transmetasatal (TM) – Amputation through the metatarsal foot bones (partial foot amputation)

Transpelvic – Amputation of entire lower limb, plus a portion of the pelvic bone; may also be referred to as a hemipelvectomy

Transtibial (TT) – Amputation below the knee (through the tibia and fibula bones)

Transhumeral – Amputation above the elbow (through the humerus bone)

Trilateral – Limb loss involving three limbs

Upper Extremity – Upper limb

Vascular Amputation – Amputation surgery performed as a result of impaired circulation of blood through the blood vessels of the limb